Knowing Your Timber

Before choosing your stain, varnish or clear finish, it is important to know a little about the timber you will be treating. Each of the popular timbers here have some characteristics that could affect the final outcome of your finish and determine your choice of Cabot's products.

NOTE: Most hardwoods and some softwoods contain oils, resins and tannins. It is recommended that these timbers be washed with mineral turpentine (when using oil based products) or methylated spirits (when using water based products). This should be done prior to staining or finishing. Wipe off mineral turpentine or methylated spirits with a dry rag. Allow solvents to dry thoroughly.

Selection of Timbers

Radiata Pine

Radiata Pine

A commonly available, easy to work with, New Zealand plantation timber used widely for furniture, wall or ceiling lining boards, plywood, particle board and general construction. It is ideal for staining especially when using liming colours. Radiata Pine is susceptible to 'bluestain' which is a fungus that can enter the timber just after it is felled, manifesting itself as blue stain on the timber surface. Removal is not possible and the only way to hide these stains is by using a darker timber stain.

Treated Pine

Treated Pine

This is normal Radiata Pine that has been pressure-treated to resist decay, termites and fungi. This treatment involves saturating the timber so it is essential to leave Treated Pine to dry properly before staining. It is widely used for decks, pergolas and fences.

Jarrah

Jarrah

Jarrah is heavy and tough with a slight, pleasant odour. It is reasonably easy to work, although care is needed when nailing to avoid splitting. Jarrah can be highly polished and accepts most finishes well. Use on flooring, panelling, joinery and furniture.

Western Red Cedar

Western Red Cedar

An extremely durable though very soft timber commonly used on weatherboards, fascias, windows, doors and garden furniture. It is easy to work and takes readily to stains and coatings. The uncoated surface of this timber will weather (go grey) more dramatically than any other when used outside. To stop the premature failure of the timber surface and aid coating adhesion, Western Red Cedar should be cleaned and coated upon delivery with one coat of product.

Teak

Teak

Teak is a well known imported timber from the Asian region, used widely for both indoor and outdoor furniture. It ranges in colour from golden to dark-brown, and is rich in oils which help impart moderate durability and its characteristic waxy feel. To ensure good adhesion, de-oil the timber before coating.

Kwila

Kwila

This extremely durable hardwood is resistant to termites and decay, and is most commonly used for timber decking. A rich-brown timber, it is susceptible to tannin bleed which appears as a red-brown colour as water runs off the timber. The best time to apply Cabot’s finishes is when timber starts to lose its red colour.

Victorian Ash (Tasmanian Oak)

Victorian Ash (Tasmanian Oak)

Victorian Ash is commonly used for interior applications such as flooring, kitchen cupboards, wall panelling and some furniture. It has a uniform light-beige to light-pink colour and readily accepts stains and coatings.

Rimu

Rimu

Rimu is one of New Zealand’s most popular native timbers. It has been proven as a versatile and exceptionally beautiful timber. It was used extensively in older character homes as both a structural and finishing timber. Rimu is an interior timber and predominantly used for finishing applications, interior furniture, mouldings and trims.

Matai

Matai

Matai is a reddish-brown, durable hardwood. It can be highly polished to a gloss sheen. The timber has excellent wear and hardness. Most commonly used on interior timber flooring and window sills.

Macrocarpa

Macrocarpa

Macrocarpa is a low-to medium density softwood that looks and works like Kauri. It is grown in New Zealand as an exotic tree. Macrocarpa has a wide variety of uses such as flooring, wall panelling, framing, furniture, solid wood bench tops, architraves and skirtings. It can be used outside for weatherboard, soffit, facia, pergolas, decking and outdoor furniture.

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